論文

査読有り 国際誌
2019年7月

Apparent synonymous mutation F9 c.87A>G causes secretion failure by in-frame mutation with aberrant splicing.

Thrombosis research
  • Koya Odaira
  • ,
  • Shogo Tamura
  • ,
  • Nobuaki Suzuki
  • ,
  • Misaki Kakihara
  • ,
  • Yuna Hattori
  • ,
  • Mahiru Tokoro
  • ,
  • Sachiko Suzuki
  • ,
  • Akira Takagi
  • ,
  • Akira Katsumi
  • ,
  • Fumihiko Hayakawa
  • ,
  • Shuichi Okamoto
  • ,
  • Atsuo Suzuki
  • ,
  • Takeshi Kanematsu
  • ,
  • Tadashi Matsushita
  • ,
  • Tetsuhito Kojima

179
開始ページ
95
終了ページ
103
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1016/j.thromres.2019.04.022

INTRODUCTION: Hemophilia B is an X-linked recessive bleeding disorder caused by coagulation factor IX (FIX) gene (F9) mutations. Several F9 synonymous mutations have been known to cause hemophilia B; however, the deleterious mechanisms underlying the development of hemophilia B have not been completely understood. To elucidate the molecular pathogenesis causing hemophilia B, we investigated the synonymous F9 mutation: c.87A>G, p.(Thr29=). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The influence of F9 c.87A>G on mRNA splicing was analyzed by exon-trap assay and in silico prediction. We prepared FIX expression vectors using mutant F9 cDNA and transfected HepG2 cells to investigate intracellular transport and extracellular secretion of FIX. Intracellular kinetics of the expressed FIX was examined by treatment with the proteasome inhibitor MG132. RESULTS: Exon-trap analysis revealed that F9 c.87A>G resulted in almost (99.1%) aberrant splicing (r.83_88del). In silico analysis predicted that F9 c.87A>G influenced the splicing pattern by generating an available aberrant 5' splice site. The aberrant F9 mRNA (r.83_88del) was translated to a mutant FIX p.Cys28_Val30delinsPhe with an in-frame mutation at the signal peptide cleavage site. Simultaneously, a small amount (0.9%) of mutant F9 r.87A>G translating into WT FIX p.Thr29 = was also observed. The mutant FIX was abnormally retained in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and was not extracellularly secreted. It appeared to be intracellularly degraded via proteasome-dependent degradation machinery. CONCLUSION: F9 c.87A>G was found to cause abnormal mRNA splicing, r.83_88del, and produce the mutant FIX p.Cys28_Val30delinsPhe. The mutant FIX is an abnormal protein with extracellular secretory defects and is intracellularly eliminated via proteasome-dependent ER-associated degradation.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.thromres.2019.04.022
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31102861

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