論文

査読有り
2016年4月

Dual-focus versus conventional magnification endoscopy for the diagnosis of superficial squamous neoplasms in the pharynx and esophagus: a randomized trial

ENDOSCOPY
  • Kenichi Goda
  • ,
  • Akira Dobashi
  • ,
  • Noboru Yoshimura
  • ,
  • Hiroyuki Aihara
  • ,
  • Masayuki Kato
  • ,
  • Kazuki Sumiyama
  • ,
  • Hirobumi Toyoizumi
  • ,
  • Tomohiro Kato
  • ,
  • Hiroki Saijo
  • ,
  • Masahiro Ikegami
  • ,
  • Hisao Tajiri

48
4
開始ページ
321
終了ページ
329
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1055/s-0035-1569644
出版者・発行元
GEORG THIEME VERLAG KG

Background and study aims: Conventional magnification narrow-band imaging (CM-NBI) endoscopy has demonstrated high diagnostic accuracy for superficial squamous neoplasms in the pharynx and esophagus. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic utility of the newly developed dual-focus NBI (DF-NBI) compared with that of CM-NBI.
Patients and methods: We recruited patients with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in the head and neck, or esophagus, or with a history of SCC. The primary endpoint of this prospective controlled non-inferiority trial was the sensitivity of DF-NBI and CM-NBI for detecting superficial carcinoma in the pharynx and esophagus. Secondary endpoints included other diagnostic values and the resolving power of each endoscope. Superficial carcinoma was defined as high grade dysplasia and SCC invading up to the submucosal layer.
Results: The study included 93 patients. A total of 28 superficial carcinomas were detected in the pharynx and esophagus. The sensitivities of DF-NBI and CM-NBI for superficial carcinoma were 82% and 71%, respectively. The lower limit of the 90% confidence interval for the difference between the sensitivities exceeded the non-inferiority threshold. The specificity and overall accuracy of DF-NBI vs. CM-NBI were 93% vs. 90% and 91% vs. 86%, respectively (both non-significant differences). The maximum resolving power of a conventional magnification endoscope was significantly higher than a dual-focus endoscope (7.2 mu m vs. 11.6 mu m: P< 0.001).
Conclusions: The findings indicate the non-inferiority of DF-NBI versus CM-NBI in detecting superficial carcinoma in the pharynx and esophagus. DF-NBI appears to have a resolving power that, although significantly lower, is sufficient to achieve high diagnostic accuracy, comparable to that of CM-NBI.

Web of Science ® 被引用回数 : 10

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0035-1569644
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26878247
Web of Science
https://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=JSTA_CEL&SrcApp=J_Gate_JST&DestLinkType=FullRecord&KeyUT=WOS:000373143000003&DestApp=WOS_CPL

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