Paraphoma-related fungal strain B47-9 secreted a biodegradable plastic (BP)-degrading enzyme which amounted to 68 % (w/w) of the total secreted proteins in a culture medium containing emulsified poly(butylene succinate-co-adipate) (PBSA) as sole carbon source. The gene for this enzyme was found to be composed of an open reading frame consisting of 681 nucleotides encoding 227 amino acids and two introns. Southern blot analysis showed that this gene exists as a single copy. The deduced amino acid sequence suggested that this enzyme belongs to the cutinase (E.C.220.127.116.11) family; thus, it was named <Emphasis Type="ItalicUnderline">P araphoma-related fungus cutinase-like enzyme (PCLE). It degraded various types of BP films, such as poly(butylene succinate), PBSA, poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate), poly(epsilon-caprolactone), and poly(dl-lactic acid). It has a molecular mass of 19.7 kDa, and an optimum pH and temperature for degradation of emulsified PBSA of 7.2 and 45 A degrees C, respectively. Ca2+ ion at a concentration of about 1.0 mM markedly enhanced the degradation of emulsified PBSA.
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- DOI : 10.1007/s00253-013-5454-0
- ISSN : 0175-7598
- eISSN : 1432-0614
- PubMed ID : 24384748
- Web of Science ID : WOS:000335460700016