- AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Superconductivity with a remarkably high T-c has recently been found in Sr-doped NdNiO2 thin films. While this system bears strong similarities to the cuprates, some differences, such as a weaker antiferromagnetic exchange coupling and possible high-spin moments on the doped Ni sites have been pointed out. Here, we investigate the effect of Hund coupling and crystal field splitting in a simple model system and argue that a multiorbital description of nickelate superconductors is warranted, especially in the strongly hole-doped regime. We then look at this system from the viewpoint of the spin-freezing theory of unconventional superconductivity, which provides a unified understanding of unconventional superconductivity in a broad range of compounds. Nd0.8Sr0.2NiO2 falls into a parameter regime influenced by two spin-freezing crossovers; one related to the emergent multiorbital nature in the strongly doped regime and the other related to the single-band character and square lattice geometry in the weakly doped regime.
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