論文

査読有り 国際誌
2020年8月25日

Constraining the atmospheric OCS budget from sulfur isotopes.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • Shohei Hattori
  • ,
  • Kazuki Kamezaki
  • ,
  • Naohiro Yoshida

117
34
開始ページ
20447
終了ページ
20452
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1073/pnas.2007260117

Carbonyl sulfide (OCS), the most abundant sulfur-containing gas in the atmosphere, is used as a proxy for photosynthesis rate estimation. However, a large missing source of atmospheric OCS has been inferred. Sulfur isotope measurements (34S/32S ratio and δ34S) on OCS are a feasible tool to distinguish OCS sources from oceanic and anthropogenic emissions. Here we present the latitudinal (north-south) observations of OCS concentration and [Formula: see text]S within Japan. The observed [Formula: see text]S of OCS of 9.7 to 14.5‰ reflects source and sink effects. Particularly in winter, latitudinal decreases in [Formula: see text]S values of OCS were found to be correlated with increases in OCS concentrations, resulting an intercept of (4.7 ± 0.8)‰ in the Keeling plot approach. This result implies the transport of anthropogenic OCS emissions from the Asian continent to the western Pacific by the Asian monsoon outflow. The estimated background [Formula: see text]S of OCS in eastern Asia is consistent with the [Formula: see text]S of OCS previously reported in Israel and the Canary Islands, suggesting that the background [Formula: see text]S of OCS in the Northern Hemisphere ranges from 12.0 to 13.5‰. Our constructed sulfur isotopic mass balance of OCS revealed that anthropogenic sources, not merely oceanic sources, account for much of the missing source of atmospheric OCS.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2007260117
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32759222

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