論文

査読有り 国際誌
2023年7月

Epidemiology of Angioid Streaks and Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum (2011–2020): a Nationwide Population-based Cohort Study

Ophthalmology Science
  • Saori Wada
  • ,
  • Masahiro Miyake
  • ,
  • Ai Kido
  • ,
  • Takuro Kamei
  • ,
  • Shusuke Hiragi
  • ,
  • Hanako Ohashi Ikeda
  • ,
  • Masayuki Hata
  • ,
  • Hiroaki Ueshima
  • ,
  • Akitaka Tsujikawa
  • ,
  • Hiroshi Tamura

4
2
開始ページ
100370
終了ページ
100370
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1016/j.xops.2023.100370
出版者・発行元
Elsevier {BV}

PURPOSE: We aimed to describe the epidemiology of angioid streaks (AS) and pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE), which are rare diseases, using a national claims database. DESIGN: This was a population-based longitudinal cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 126 million individuals were covered by the universal health coverage system in Japan. METHODS: With permission from the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, we accessed all data from the National Database of Health Insurance Claims and Specific Health Checkups of Japan, which contains the nationwide health insurance claims data for 126 million Japanese. We identified individuals with AS and PXE between January 2011 and December 2020. The incidence rates, prevalence, overlap of AS and PXE, and mean age at death were calculated. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The incidence rates and prevalence of AS and PXE. RESULTS: A total of 6598 cases of AS and 1020 cases of PXE were identified during the 10-year study period. The incidence rates of AS and PXE were 0.52 (95% confidence interval, 0.48-0.56) and 0.08 (95% confidence interval, 0.07-0.10) per 100 000 person-years, respectively. On October 1, 2020, the prevalence of AS and PXE was 6.5 (95% confidence interval, 6.38-6.66) and 0.83 (95% confidence interval, 0.78-0.89) per 100 000 persons, respectively. The overlap of AS and PXE was 363 patients. The mean age at death of individuals with AS and PXE was 79.3 ± 0.51 and 77.1 ± 2.68 years, respectively. CONCLUSION: This is the first population-based study to elucidate the epidemiology of AS and PXE. The mean age of death of both AS and PXE patients was younger than the mean life expectancy of the general Japanese population, thus, appropriate diagnosis and management are important to avoid preventable death. FINANCIAL DISCLOSURES: Proprietary or commercial disclosure may be found in the Footnotes and Disclosures at the end of this article.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.xops.2023.100370
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/37868801
PubMed Central
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC10587625
ID情報
  • DOI : 10.1016/j.xops.2023.100370
  • ISSN : 2666-9145
  • ORCIDのPut Code : 139176990
  • PubMed ID : 37868801
  • PubMed Central 記事ID : PMC10587625

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