論文

査読有り
2019年11月1日

Bombing and Mining in War: Evidence from Cambodia

Journal of Global Security Studies
  • Shoko Kohama
  • ,
  • Kazuto Ohtsuki
  • ,
  • Yasutaka Tominaga

5
2
開始ページ
319
終了ページ
338
記述言語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1093/jogss/ogz046
出版者・発行元
Oxford University Press (OUP)

<title>Abstract</title>
This study explores the political-economic determinants of military strategy during civil war to explain the intensity of suffering that certain conflict zones and their inhabitants suffer due to aerial bombing and landmines. Adversaries seeking post-war rents consider distinct consequences of weapons use in the target society: bombing causes instantaneous destruction, whereas landmines cause persistent but fading negative externalities on human activities, such as labor. Thus, it is expected that economic rents with different characteristics are associated with the use of different types of weapons because the benefits derived from these rents after the conflict vary. By focusing on the nature of economic rents available in conflict zones, this study demonstrates that aerial bombing is more likely when the targeted territory relies economically on renewable resources and industries such as agriculture, whereas landmines are more likely to be used in territories endowed with perishable resources such as gemstones. An empirical analysis utilizing newly compiled geo-coded data on the locations of US airstrikes and landmine contamination during the Cambodian Civil War finds strong positive associations between agricultural productivity and the number of airstrikes, and between the proximity to large gem deposits and landmine contamination, holding major tactical variables constant. The results suggest that societies' economic structures have a sizable effect on the manner in which adversaries fight a war and, therefore, affect how people suffer from it.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1093/jogss/ogz046
URL
http://academic.oup.com/jogss/advance-article-pdf/doi/10.1093/jogss/ogz046/30339311/ogz046.pdf

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