- Exploring Leadership and Learning Theories Association
- University Science Malaysia
The main purpose of this paper is to examine arguments of Ishibashi Tanzan (石橋湛山 1884-1973）from two points of view: ‘expericism, functionalism, and pragmatism’, and ‘pacifism, international cooperation, and opposition to imperialism, colonialism, and fascism’. Then we analyse the truth of Ishibashi’s rational attitude and its consequence, “Small Japan Policy” from the angle of a contribution to national interests.As a result we clarify that Ishibashi advocated economical liberalism or international cooperation because these were an adequate choice for him to deal with great powers without detracting from Japanese national interests. At the same time it is clear that Ishibashi acted and argued obeying the principle of rational thinking, and “Small Japan Policy”, which was his main argument, was a consequence of such an emphasis on rationality. It showed the pragmatic attitude of Ishibashi, by which he believed that obtaining national interests and keeping nature behind the thing-in-itself were more important than near-term interests and a superficial phenomenon.