- Institut Aminuddin Baki, Ministry of Education Malaysia
- Institut Aminuddin Baki Northern Branch, Jitra, Malaysia
What kind of influence does education have on democratic system of certain countries? Needless to say, a political system is closely related to education. And it must be the ultimate goal for the democratic nations to develop human resources to bear the domestic democracy. In this presentation, we examine a relationship between education and democracy focusing on “more relaxed education”(yutori kyoiku) in Japan. “More relaxed education” was absolutely introduced into compulsory education in 2002. But it was criticised a couple of years after, since Japan’s poor results, e.g. Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in 2003 or Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) in 2003, were cleared and a slang yutori or yutori generation which means people schooled with “more relaxed education” or was incompetent was so popular for Japanese. The situation led new curriculum guidelines which becomes effective in 2011 focuses on de-“more relaxed education” and intends to improve basic academic skills in compulsory education. Then we may discuss the influence of “more relaxed education” toward people who grew up with this educational system and future central player of democracy in Japan.