論文

査読有り 国際誌
2019年3月15日

USP15 Participates in Hepatitis C Virus Propagation through Regulation of Viral RNA Translation and Lipid Droplet Formation.

Journal of virology
  • Shinji Kusakabe
  • ,
  • Tatsuya Suzuki
  • ,
  • Yukari Sugiyama
  • ,
  • Saori Haga
  • ,
  • Kanako Horike
  • ,
  • Makoto Tokunaga
  • ,
  • Junki Hirano
  • ,
  • He Zhang
  • ,
  • David Virya Chen
  • ,
  • Hanako Ishiga
  • ,
  • Yasumasa Komoda
  • ,
  • Chikako Ono
  • ,
  • Takasuke Fukuhara
  • ,
  • Masahiro Yamamoto
  • ,
  • Masahito Ikawa
  • ,
  • Takashi Satoh
  • ,
  • Shizuo Akira
  • ,
  • Tomohisa Tanaka
  • ,
  • Kohji Moriishi
  • ,
  • Moto Fukai
  • ,
  • Akinobu Taketomi
  • ,
  • Sachiyo Yoshio
  • ,
  • Tatsuya Kanto
  • ,
  • Tetsuro Suzuki
  • ,
  • Toru Okamoto
  • ,
  • Yoshiharu Matsuura

93
6
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1128/JVI.01708-18

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) utilizes cellular factors for efficient propagation. Ubiquitin is covalently conjugated to the substrate to alter its stability or to modulate signal transduction. In this study, we examined the importance of ubiquitination for HCV propagation. We found that inhibition of deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs) or overexpression of nonspecific DUBs impaired HCV replication, suggesting that ubiquitination regulates HCV replication. To identify specific DUBs involved in HCV propagation, we set up RNA interference (RNAi) screening against DUBs and successfully identified ubiquitin-specific protease 15 (USP15) as a novel host factor for HCV propagation. Our studies showed that USP15 is involved in translation of HCV RNA and production of infectious HCV particles. In addition, deficiency of USP15 in human hepatic cell lines (Huh7 and Hep3B/miR-122 cells) but not in a nonhepatic cell line (293T cells) impaired HCV propagation, suggesting that USP15 participates in HCV propagation through the regulation of hepatocyte-specific functions. Moreover, we showed that loss of USP15 had no effect on innate immune responses in vitro and in vivo We also found that USP15-deficient Huh7 cells showed reductions in the amounts of lipid droplets (LDs), and the addition of palmitic acids restored the production of infectious HCV particles. Taken together, these data suggest that USP15 participates in HCV propagation by regulating the translation of HCV RNA and the formation of LDs.IMPORTANCE Although ubiquitination has been shown to play important roles in the HCV life cycle, the roles of deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs), which cleave ubiquitin chains from their substrates, in HCV propagation have not been investigated. Here, we identified USP15 as a DUB regulating HCV propagation. USP15 showed no interaction with viral proteins and no participation in innate immune responses. Deficiency of USP15 in Huh7 cells resulted in suppression of the translation of HCV RNA and reduction in the amounts of lipid droplets, and the addition of fatty acids partially restored the production of infectious HCV particles. These data suggest that USP15 participates in HCV propagation in hepatic cells through the regulation of viral RNA translation and lipid metabolism.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.01708-18
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30626683
PubMed Central
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6401473

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