論文

査読有り 国際誌
2020年1月

Acquisition and maintenance of motor memory through specific motor practice over the long term as revealed by stretch reflex responses in older ballet dancers.

Physiological reports
  • GeeHee Kim
  • ,
  • Tetsuya Ogawa
  • ,
  • Hirofumi Sekiguchi
  • ,
  • Kimitaka Nakazawa

8
2
開始ページ
e14335
終了ページ
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
DOI
10.14814/phy2.14335

The present study addressed whether motor memory acquired earlier in life through specific training can be maintained through later life with further training. To this end, the present study focused on the training effect of a specific ballet practice and investigated the spinally mediated stretch reflex responses of the soleus muscle in ballet dancers of upper-middle to old age (60.6 ± 5.4 years old) with experience levels of 28.4 ± 7.4 years ("older ballet" group). Comparisons were conducted with a group of young ballet dancers ("young ballet" group) and groups of both young and older individuals without weekly participation in physical activities ("young sedentary" and "older sedentary" groups). The results revealed natural age-dependent changes, with reflex responses being larger in older sedentary than in young sedentary individuals. A training-induced effect was also observed, with responses being smaller in ballet dancers than in sedentary groups of the same age. Furthermore, the responses were surprisingly smaller in the older ballet dancers than in the young sedentary group, at an equivalent level to that of the young ballet dancers. The influence of training, therefore, overcame the natural age-dependent changes. On the other hand, the onset latencies of the responses showed a solely age-dependent trend. Taken together, the present is the first to demonstrate that the motor memories in the spinal cord acquired through specific ballet training earlier in life can be maintained and carried forward in later life through further weekly participation in the same training.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.14335
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31960615
PubMed Central
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6971327

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