論文

査読有り 国際誌
2020年5月4日

Language and Imagined Gesellschaft: Émile Durkheim’s Civil-linguistic Nationalism and the Consequences of Universal Human Ideals

Theory and Society
  • Tada, Mitsuhiro

担当区分
筆頭著者, 最終著者, 責任著者
(Online First)
開始ページ
1
終了ページ
34
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1007/s11186-020-09394-1

When Thomas Luckmann, a pioneer of the “linguistic turn” in sociology, regarded Émile Durkheim as a source for the sociology of language, he had lifeworldly community–building in mind. However, the French sociologist himself understood language in the context of civil society–building. To Durkheim, language was a “social thing in the highest degree” that enabled general ideas and intermediated them to people. Abstract human ideals like the civil religion since the French Revolution could be shared through (a common) language. Thus, Durkheim took the exclusive use of French in the Third Republic’s laic public education for granted, ignoring the patois in the country: This “child of the Enlightenment” considered French to be a universal language of Gesellschaft and, beyond ethno-communal elements, to work as a basis for the organic solidarity of French national civil society where the social division of labor was progressing. Durkheim’s theory was predicated on civil-linguistic, not ethnolinguistic, nationalism.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11186-020-09394-1
共同研究・競争的資金等の研究課題
戦後社会学理論の言語観の解明ー国民社会化からその終焉までの社会史的背景に照らして
共同研究・競争的資金等の研究課題
国民社会から世界社会への変動のなかの言語と社会理論――その時代的背景と理論的進化
URL
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11186-020-09394-1