論文

査読有り
2010年

Intentionality of Communication: Theory of Self-Referential Social Systems as Sociological Phenomenology

Schutzian Research
  • Mitsuhiro Tada

2
開始ページ
181
終了ページ
200
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)

The aim of this article is to explore how a self-referential social system, although it is not a human being, can be said to “observe.” For this purpose, the article reformulates Niklas Luhmann’s theory of social systems as sociological phenomenology, or the de-consciousness philosophized phenomenology, because a social system has the same structure of intentionality as consciousness: Just as consciousness is always consciousness of something, communication is always communication of something. In correlation to this communicative intentionality, communicated environments come and go as social phenomena. A social system is not a thing, but an autonomously observing subject. Hence, this systems theory takes on the role of a second-order observer: It observes how social systems as first-order observers observe selfreferentially because phenomena given to the natural attitude of the first-order observer constitute multiple social realities in daily life. Therefore, the theory of self-referential social systems is not objectivism, but a variation of mundane subjectivist phenomenology.<br />
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Keywords:<br />
Niklas Luhmann, Alfred Schutz, Edmund Husserl, Social Phenomena, Second Order Observation, Micro-Macro Link<br />

リンク情報
URL
http://www.zetabooks.com/journals/schutzian-research/schutzian-research-a-yearbook-of-worldly-phenomenology-and-qualitative-social-science-volume-2-2010.html