論文

査読有り
2018年6月1日

Rheological behavior of water-ash mixtures from Sakurajima and Ontake volcanoes: implications for lahar flow dynamics

Bulletin of Volcanology
  • Aika K. Kurokawa
  • ,
  • Hidemi Ishibashi
  • ,
  • Takahiro Miwa
  • ,
  • Futoshi Nanayama

80
6
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1007/s00445-018-1224-2
出版者・発行元
Springer Verlag

Lahars represent one of the most serious volcanic hazards, potentially causing severe damage to the surrounding environment, not only immediately after eruption but also later due to rainfall or snowfall. The flow of a lahar is governed by volcanic topography and its rheological behavior, which is controlled by its volume, microscale properties, and the concentration of particles. However, the effects of particle properties on the rheology of lahars are poorly understood. In this study, viscosity measurements were performed on water-ash mixtures from Sakurajima and Ontake volcanoes. Samples from Sakurajima show strong and simple shear thinning, whereas those from Ontake show viscosity fluctuations and a transition between shear thinning and shear thickening. Particle analysis of the volcanic ash together with a theoretical analysis suggests that the rheological difference between the two types of suspension can be explained by variations in particle size distribution and shape. In particular, to induce the complex rheology of the Ontake samples, coexistence of two particle size groups may be required since two independent behaviors, one of which follows the streamline (Stokes number St &lt
&lt
1, inertial number I &lt
0.001) and the other shows a complicated motion (St ~ 1, I ~ 0.001), compete against each other. The variations in the spatial distribution of polydisperse particles, and the time dependence of this feature which generates apparent rheological changes, indicate that processes related to microscale particle heterogeneities are important in understanding the flow dynamics of lahars and natural polydisperse granular-fluid mixtures in general.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00445-018-1224-2
URL
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00445-018-1224-2/fulltext.html
URL
http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s00445-018-1224-2.pdf

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