論文

国際誌
2020年10月29日

Prognostic Effect of a Novel Simply Calculated Nutritional Index in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure.

Nutrients
  • Sayaki Ishiwata
  • ,
  • Shoichiro Yatsu
  • ,
  • Takatoshi Kasai
  • ,
  • Akihiro Sato
  • ,
  • Hiroki Matsumoto
  • ,
  • Jun Shitara
  • ,
  • Megumi Shimizu
  • ,
  • Azusa Murata
  • ,
  • Takao Kato
  • ,
  • Shoko Suda
  • ,
  • Shinichiro Doi
  • ,
  • Masaru Hiki
  • ,
  • Yuya Matsue
  • ,
  • Ryo Naito
  • ,
  • Hiroshi Iwata
  • ,
  • Atsutoshi Takagi
  • ,
  • Hiroyuki Daida

12
11
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.3390/nu12113311

The TCB index (triglycerides × total cholesterol × body weight), a novel simply calculated nutritional index based on serum triglycerides (TGs), serum total cholesterol (TC), and body weight (BW), was recently reported to be a useful prognostic indicator in patients with coronary artery disease. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between TCBI and long-term mortality in acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) patients. Patients with a diagnosis of ADHF who were consecutively admitted to the cardiac intensive care unit in our institution from 2007 to 2011 were targeted. TCBI was calculated using the formula TG (mg/dL) × TC (mg/dL) × BW (kg)/1000. Patients were divided into two groups according to the median TCBI value. An association between admission TCBI and mortality was assessed using univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazard analyses. Overall, 417 eligible patients were enrolled, and 94 (22.5%) patients died during a median follow-up period of 2.2 years. The cumulative survival rate with respect to all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer-related mortalities was worse in patients with low TCBI than in those with high TCBI. In the multivariable analysis, although TCBI was not associated with cardiovascular and cancer mortalities, the association between TCBI and reduced all-cause mortality (hazard ratio: 0.64, 95% confidence interval: 0.44-0.94, p = 0.024) was observed. We computed net reclassification improvement (NRI) when TCBI or Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) was added on established predictors such as hemoglobin, serum sodium level, and both. TCBI improved discrimination for all-cause mortality (NRI: 0.42, p < 0.001; when added on hemoglobin and serum sodium level). GNRI can improve discrimination for cancer mortality (NRI: 0.96, p = 0.002; when added on hemoglobin and serum sodium level). TCBI, a novel and simply calculated nutritional index, can be useful to stratify patients with ADHF who were at risk for worse long-term overall mortality.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12113311
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33137941

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