論文

査読有り
2020年12月

Significance of urinary fatty acid-binding protein 4 level as a possible biomarker for the identification of minimal change disease in patents with nephrotic-range proteinuria

BMC Nephrology
  • Marenao Tanaka
  • ,
  • Masato Furuhashi
  • ,
  • Norihito Moniwa
  • ,
  • Takuto Maeda
  • ,
  • Hideki Takizawa
  • ,
  • Megumi Matsumoto
  • ,
  • Akiko Sakai
  • ,
  • Yukimura Higashiura
  • ,
  • Yufu Gocho
  • ,
  • Masayuki Koyama
  • ,
  • Yayoi Ogawa
  • ,
  • Tetsuji Miura

担当区分
筆頭著者
21
1
記述言語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1186/s12882-020-02122-y
出版者・発行元
Springer Science and Business Media LLC

<title>Abstract</title>
<sec>
<title>Background</title>
Fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4), but not FABP1 (liver-type FABP), is ectopically induced in injured glomerular endothelial cells, and urinary FABP4 (U-FABP4) level is associated with proteinuria and renal dysfunction in a general population.


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<sec>
<title>Methods</title>
The clinical significance of U-FABP4 was investigated in 81 patients (male/female: 43/38, age: 57 ± 17 years) who underwent kidney biopsy.


</sec>
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<title>Results</title>
U-FABP4 was negatively correlated with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (<italic>r =</italic> − 0.56, <italic>P</italic> &lt; 0.01) and was positively correlated with age, blood pressure, triglycerides, proteinuria (<italic>r =</italic> 0.58, <italic>P</italic> &lt; 0.01), plasma FABP4 and urinary FABP1 (U-FABP1) (<italic>r =</italic> 0.52, <italic>P &lt;</italic> 0.01). Multivariable regression analysis showed that eGFR, proteinuria and U-FABP1 were independent predictors of U-FABP4. The level of U-FABP4, but not that of proteinuria, eGFR or U-FABP1, in minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS) was significantly lower than the level in membranous nephropathy (MN) and that in diabetic nephropathy. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis indicated that U-FABP4 level ≤ 0.78 μg/gCr predicted MCNS in patients who had nephrotic-range proteinuria with a high level of accuracy. When divided by the median value of U-FABP4 at baseline in 33 of the 81 patients who could be followed up, the yearly change (post–pre) in eGFR in the low U-FABP4 group was significantly greater than that in the high U-FABP4 group (median: 11.0 vs. -5.0 mL/min/1.73m2/year).


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<sec>
<title>Conclusions</title>
U-FABP4 level is independently associated with proteinuria and renal dysfunction in patients with glomerular kidney disease. A low U-FABP4 level may predict MCNS in patients with nephrotic syndrome and would be a useful biomarker for differential diagnosis of MCNS and MN, which are common causes of nephrotic syndrome.


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リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12882-020-02122-y
URL
http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1186/s12882-020-02122-y.pdf
URL
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12882-020-02122-y/fulltext.html

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