Papers

Peer-reviewed
4 2016

Prevalence of Baylisascaris roundworm in captive kinkajous in Japan

Journal of Parasitology
  • Toshihiro Tokiwa
  • ,
  • Hiromu Sugiyama
  • ,
  • Kensuke Taira
  • ,
  • Yasuhiro Yoshikawa
  • ,
  • Yumi Une

Volume
102
Number
2
First page
293
Last page
294
Language
English
Publishing type
Research paper (scientific journal)
DOI
10.1645/15-816
Publisher
AMER SOC PARASITOLOGISTS

Baylisascaris potosis causes larva migrans in animals. The present study evaluated the prevalence of B. potosis in captive kinkajous (Potos flavus) and the ability of milbemycin to treat natural infections of B. potosis in 2 female wild-caught kinkajous. In 2012, fecal samples were collected from 16 kinkajous in 6 zoological gardens and 29 imported captive kinkajous from 4 pet traders in Japan. Although all samples from zoological gardens were negative, 8 kinkajous from traders were positive for Baylisascaris eggs, at least 4 of which were wild caught in the Republic of Guyana. No associated human illness was reported from any of the facilities. The 2 infected kinkajous received a single oral administration of Milbemycin (R) A Tablets, which delivers 0.69-0.89 mg/kg milbemycin oxime. Fecal examinations on days 14 and 30 were negative for Baylisascaris eggs. These results demonstrated that milbemycin oxime has possible anthelmintic efficacy against Baylisascaris roundworms in captive kinkajous. We conclude that Baylisascaris infections are highly prevalent in wild-caught kinkajous in Japan and that most of the infected kinkajous were imported from the Republic of Guyana.

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Link information
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1645/15-816
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26565681
Web of Science
https://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=JSTA_CEL&SrcApp=J_Gate_JST&DestLinkType=FullRecord&KeyUT=WOS:000374968700019&DestApp=WOS_CPL
Research Projects
動物由来感染症のリスク分析に関する研究

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