論文

査読有り 国際誌
2020年4月22日

Change in Regional Activity of the Quadratus Lumborum During Bridge Exercises.

Journal of sport rehabilitation
  • Tomoki Oshikawa
  • ,
  • Gen Adachi
  • ,
  • Hiroshi Akuzawa
  • ,
  • Yu Okubo
  • ,
  • Koji Kaneoka

開始ページ
1
終了ページ
9
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
DOI
10.1123/jsr.2019-0225

CONTEXT: The quadratus lumborum (QL) is expected to contribute to segmental motor control of the lumbar spine to prevent low back pain. It has different layers (anterior [QL-a] and posterior [QL-p] layers), whose functional differences are becoming apparent. However, the difference between the QL-a and QL-p activities during bridge exercises utilized in rehabilitation is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To compare QL-a and QL-p activities during bridge exercises. DESIGN: Repeated-measurement design was used to assess electromyographic activity of trunk muscles recorded during 14 types of bridge exercises. SETTING: University laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 13 healthy men with no history of lumbar spine disorders participated. INTERVENTION: The participants performed 14 types of bridge exercises (3, 3, and 8 types of side bridge, back bridge, and front bridge [FB], respectively). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Fine-wire electromyography was used for QL-a and QL-p activity measurements during bridge exercises. RESULTS: Both QL-a and QL-p showed the highest activity during the side bridge with hip abduction  (47.3% [29.5%] and 43.0% [32.9%] maximal voluntary isometric contraction, respectively). The activity of the QL-a was significantly higher than that of the QL-p during back bridge with ipsilateral leg lift and FB elbow-toe with ipsilateral arm and contralateral leg lift (P < .05). With regard to the QL-p, the activity of the FB hand-knee with contralateral arm and ipsilateral leg lift, the FB elbow-knee with contralateral arm and ipsilateral leg lift, and the FB elbow-toe with contralateral arm and ipsilateral leg lift were significantly higher than that of the FB elbow-knee and FB elbow-toe (P < .05). CONCLUSION: This study indicates different regional activities; the QL-a activated during the back bridge with ipsilateral leg lift and FB with ipsilateral arm lift, and the QL-p activated during the FB with ipsilateral leg lift. These results have implications for the rehabilitation of low back pain or lumbar scoliosis patients based on QL recruitment.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1123/jsr.2019-0225
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32320945