論文

査読有り 国際誌
2021年6月1日

Non-invasive oxygenation strategies for respiratory failure with COVID-19: A concise narrative review of literature in pre and mid-COVID-19 era.

Anaesthesia, critical care & pain medicine
  • Kenta Ogawa
  • ,
  • Kengo Asano
  • ,
  • Junpei Ikeda
  • ,
  • Tomoko Fujii

40
4
開始ページ
100897
終了ページ
100897
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1016/j.accpm.2021.100897

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread globally and can cause a shortage of medical resources, in particular, mechanical ventilators. High-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy (HFNC) and non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) are frequently used for acute respiratory failure patients as alternatives to invasive mechanical ventilation. They are drawing attention because of a potential role to save mechanical ventilators. However, their effectiveness and risk of viral spread are unclear. The latest network meta-analysis of pre-COVID-19 trials reported that treatment with non-invasive oxygenation strategies was associated with improved survival when compared with conventional oxygen therapy. During the COVID-19 pandemic, a lot of clinical research on COVID-19 related acute respiratory failure has been reported. Several observational studies and small trials have suggested HFNC or NPPV as an alternative of standard oxygen therapy to manage COVID-19 related acute respiratory failure, provided that appropriate infection prevention is applied by health care workers to avoid risks of the virus transmission. Awake proning is an emerging strategy to optimise the management of patients with COVID-19 acute respiratory failure. However, the benefits of awake proning have yet to be assessed in properly designed clinical research. Although HFNC and NPPV are probably effective for acute respiratory failure, the safety data are mostly based on observational and experimental reports. As such, they should be implemented carefully if adequate personal protective equipment and negative pressure rooms are available.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.accpm.2021.100897
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34087432
PubMed Central
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8168344
ID情報
  • DOI : 10.1016/j.accpm.2021.100897
  • PubMed ID : 34087432
  • PubMed Central 記事ID : PMC8168344

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