論文

国際誌
2020年

Different associations between intelligence and social cognition in children with and without autism spectrum disorders.

PloS one
  • Tetsu Hirosawa
  • ,
  • Keiko Kontani
  • ,
  • Mina Fukai
  • ,
  • Masafumi Kameya
  • ,
  • Daiki Soma
  • ,
  • Shoryoku Hino
  • ,
  • Tatsuru Kitamura
  • ,
  • Chiaki Hasegawa
  • ,
  • Kyung-Min An
  • ,
  • Tetsuya Takahashi
  • ,
  • Yuko Yoshimura
  • ,
  • Mitsuru Kikuchi

15
8
開始ページ
e0235380
終了ページ
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0235380

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by impaired social cognition and communication. In addition to social impairment, individuals with ASD often have intellectual disability. Intelligence is known to influence the phenotypic presentation of ASD. Nevertheless, the relation between intelligence and social reciprocity in people with ASD remains unclear, especially in childhood. To elucidate this relation, we analyzed 56 typically developing children (35 male, 21 female, aged 60-91 months) and 46 children with ASD (35 male, 11 female, aged 60-98 months) from university and affiliated hospitals. Their cognitive function was evaluated using the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children. Their social cognition was assessed using the Social Responsiveness Scale. We used linear regression models to ascertain whether the associations between intelligence and social cognition of typically developing children and children with ASD are significantly different. Among the children with ASD, scores on the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children correlated significantly with social cognition, indicating that higher intelligence is associated with better social cognition. For typically developing children, however, no significant correlation was found. One explanation might be that children with ASD fully use general intelligence for successful learning in social cognition, although extensive use of intelligence might not be necessary for TD children. Alternatively, autistic impairment in social cognition can be compensated by intelligence despite a persistent deficit in social cognition. In either case, when using the SRS as a quantitative phenotype measure for ASD, the influence of intelligence must be considered.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0235380
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32822358
PubMed Central
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7444496
ID情報
  • DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0235380
  • PubMed ID : 32822358
  • PubMed Central 記事ID : PMC7444496

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