論文

査読有り 国際共著 国際誌
2022年

Kawaii Kokutai: The Militarized Shōjo Body in Contemporary Anime

Mechademia
  • Yezi Yeo
  • ,
  • Amanda Weiss

15
1
開始ページ
122
終了ページ
143
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
出版者・発行元
Project Muse

Abstract: The late 2010s saw a boom in military-themed anime (also referred to as “moe military” anime) featuring images of young girls, or shôjo, in military-themed settings. Produced by anime studios and promoted in collaboration with Japan’s Self Defense Forces, scholars have analyzed this trend as an attempt to soften the image of the military, historically associated with nationalistic and militant masculinities. While most analyses approach the moe military trend through birdseye critiques that incorporate contents tourism, cultural history, international relations, and media studies (Yamamura 2019, Sugawa-Shimada 2018 and 2019, Frühstück 2013), this article focuses specifically on the media representation of the shôjo body, maintaining that the character’s popularity is due to her embodiment of multiple “modes of existence” (Latour 2013). Building upon Hutchinson’s (2020) analysis of militarized shôjo bodies in Kantai Collection, we outline a framework for understanding the multiple modes of existence of the military shôjo, arguing that her ubiquity is in large part due to her embodiment of the “modes” of “kawaii” (otaku culture, cultural narratives about femininity, consumption, capitalism, postmodernism) and “kokutai” (national myths connected to her gendered body). We apply the framework of “kawaii kokutai” to two anime productions (Dragon Pilot 2018 and Warlords of Sigrdrifa 2020), maintaining that the militarized shôjo is a shape-shifting chimera whose “cute national body” personifies different modes of existence for different viewers, to varied success. We also explore the ways in which these new “cute national bodies” can simultaneously reinforce and subvert nationalist narratives within the same text.
Keywords: kawaii, kokutai, military, anime, nationalism, Japan, shôjo

リンク情報
URL
https://www.muse.jhu.edu/article/873025

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