論文

査読有り
2018年1月

Usefulness of multiple chalk-based food colorings for inducing better gene silencing by feeding RNA interference in planarians.

Development, growth & differentiation
  • Miki Hattori
  • ,
  • Mai Miyamoto
  • ,
  • Kazutaka Hosoda
  • ,
  • Yoshihiko Umesono

60
1
開始ページ
76
終了ページ
81
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
DOI
10.1111/dgd.12413

Planarians have become widely recognized as one of the major animal models for regeneration studies in invertebrates. To induce RNA interference (RNAi) by feeding in planarians, the widely accepted protocol is one in which animals undergo two or three feedings of food containing double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) plus visible food coloring (e.g., blood) for confirmation of feeding by individual animals. However, one possible problem is that incorporated food coloring is often retained within the gut for several days, which makes it difficult to confirm the success of each round of dsRNA feeding based on the difference of the color density within the gut before and after feeding. As a consequence, the difference of appetite levels among individuals undergoing dsRNA feeding leads to phenotypic variability among them due to insufficient knockdown. In our attempts to overcome this problem, we have developed a novel method for achieving robust confirmation of the success of dsRNA feeding in individuals fed multiple times by means of including a combination of three different colored chalks (pink, yellow and blue) as food coloring. Notably, we found that this method is superior to the conventional method for positively marking individuals that actively consumed the dsRNA-containing food during four times of once-daily feeding. Using these selected animals, we obtained stable and sufficiently strong RNAi-induced phenotypes. We termed this improved multi-colored chalk-spiked method of feeding RNAi "Candi" and propose its benefits for gene function analysis in planarians.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1111/dgd.12413
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29266402

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