論文

査読有り
2020年8月21日

Three Case Reports on the Cometary Plasma Tail in the Historical Documents

Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate
  • Hisashi Hayakawa
  • ,
  • Yuri Fujii
  • ,
  • Koji Murata
  • ,
  • Yasuyuki Mitsuma
  • ,
  • Yongchao Cheng
  • ,
  • Nagatoshi Nogami
  • ,
  • Kohei Ichikawa
  • ,
  • Hidetoshi Sano
  • ,
  • Kohji Tsumura
  • ,
  • Yukiko Kawamoto
  • ,
  • Masaki Nishino

11
開始ページ
21
終了ページ
21
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1051/swsc/2020045
出版者・発行元
EDP Sciences

Cometary tails visually manifest the solar wind and became a first hint for its discovery. While the solar wind is being directly monitored with satellites, its time series before the space age has been controversially reconstructed with multiple proxies. Recently, cometary plasma tail observations have been subjected to consideration to indirectly measure the solar wind but brought conclusion that no plasma tail has been reported prior to 1769 probably due to their brightness. However, historical records have occasionally reported comets with two tails even before 1769 and these cases have been tentatively associated with visual reports of cometary plasma and dust tails. Therefore, we examined three such cases (C/1577 V1, 1P/837, and 1P/760), compared the descriptions in historical records with calculated direction of their plasma tails. Our comparisons show that the records and calculations agree in these cases and plasma tails were visually recorded corresponding to these three great comets. These cases certify the capability of plasma tail observations with the unaided eye even before 1769, qualitatively imply their extreme brightness, proximities with the Sun and the Earth, and relative enhancements of UV radiations and interaction of cometary neutral atmosphere with solar wind plasma and magnetic field, while the lack of their detailed length or kink hinders us from their quantitative measuring. Further investigations will probably lead to the re-discovery of even more visual evidence of cometary plasma tail and, hence, improve our understanding on past space climate.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1051/swsc/2020045
URL
https://www.swsc-journal.org/10.1051/swsc/2020045/pdf
ID情報
  • DOI : 10.1051/swsc/2020045
  • eISSN : 2115-7251

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