論文

査読有り 国際誌
2019年12月

Frailty defined by 19 items as a predictor of short-term functional recovery in patients with hip fracture.

Injury
  • Tatsuro Inoue
  • ,
  • Shogo Misu
  • ,
  • Toshiaki Tanaka
  • ,
  • Tetsuya Kakehi
  • ,
  • Masayoshi Kakiuchi
  • ,
  • Yuki Chuman
  • ,
  • Rei Ono

50
12
開始ページ
2272
終了ページ
2276
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1016/j.injury.2019.10.011

INTRODUCTION: Many hip fracture patients have decreased functional status inhibiting recovery to pre-fracture functional status. The prevalence of frailty in patients with hip fracture is high, but little is known how frailty is associated with functional recovery. The aim of this study was to determine whether frailty can predict functional recovery and clinical outcomes during the acute phase in hip fracture. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was retrospective observational study from two acute hospitals. Participants were recruited from hip fracture patients who underwent surgery. The main exposure was frailty defined using 19-item modified Frailty Index (mFI). The main outcome was functional recovery, evaluated by postoperative efficiency on the motor-Functional Independence Measure (FIM) score. Secondary outcomes included postoperative complication and discharge disposition. Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed using each outcome as a dependent variable and mFI as an independent variable. RESULTS: Sample included 274 patients (mean age 83.7 ± 7.4 years, female 80.7%). Patients with higher mFI exhibited lower functional recovery, defined by efficiency on the motor-FIM score, and tended to run into complications and not return home (P < .001). In multiple logistic regression analyses, higher mFI was significantly associated with increased likelihood of lower functional recovery (odds ratio [OR], 1.60; 95% CI, 1.32-1.93; P < .001), occurrence of postoperative complication (OR, 1.32; 95% CI, 1.13-1.54; P < .001) and not returning home (OR, 1.77; 95% CI, 1.38-2.26; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Frailty defined by 19-item mFI can predict short-term functional recovery during acute phase following hip fracture. Frailty is also associated with postoperative complication and discharge disposition.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2019.10.011
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31635908