論文

査読有り 国際誌
2020年1月6日

Surfeit 4 Contributes to the Replication of Hepatitis C Virus Using Double-Membrane Vesicles.

Journal of virology
  • Lingbao Kong
  • ,
  • Haruyo Aoyagi
  • ,
  • Zibing Yang
  • ,
  • Tao Ouyang
  • ,
  • Mami Matsuda
  • ,
  • Akira Fujimoto
  • ,
  • Koichi Watashi
  • ,
  • Ryosuke Suzuki
  • ,
  • Minetaro Arita
  • ,
  • Satoshi Yamagoe
  • ,
  • Naoshi Dohmae
  • ,
  • Takehiro Suzuki
  • ,
  • Tetsuro Suzuki
  • ,
  • Masamichi Muramatsu
  • ,
  • Takaji Wakita
  • ,
  • Hideki Aizaki

94
2
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1128/JVI.00858-19

A number of positive-strand RNA viruses, such as hepatitis C virus (HCV) and poliovirus, use double-membrane vesicles (DMVs) as replication sites. However, the role of cellular proteins in DMV formation during virus replication is poorly understood. HCV NS4B protein induces the formation of a "membranous web" structure that provides a platform for the assembly of viral replication complexes. Our previous screen of NS4B-associated host membrane proteins by dual-affinity purification, liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), and small interfering RNA (siRNA) methods revealed that the Surfeit 4 (Surf4) gene, which encodes an integral membrane protein, is involved in the replication of the JFH1 subgenomic replicon. Here, we investigated in detail the effect of Surf4 on HCV replication. Surf4 affects HCV replication in a genotype-independent manner, whereas HCV replication does not alter Surf4 expression. The influence of Surf4 on HCV replication indicates that while Surf4 regulates replication, it has no effect on entry, translation, assembly, or release. Analysis of the underlying mechanism showed that Surf4 is recruited into HCV RNA replication complexes by NS4B and is involved in the formation of DMVs and the structural integrity of RNA replication complexes. Surf4 also participates in the replication of poliovirus, which uses DMVs as replication sites, but it has no effect on the replication of dengue virus, which uses invaginated/sphere-type vesicles as replication sites. These findings clearly show that Surf4 is a novel cofactor that is involved in the replication of positive-strand RNA viruses using DMVs as RNA replication sites, which provides valuable clues for DMV formation during positive-strand RNA virus replication.IMPORTANCE Hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS4B protein induces the formation of a membranous web (MW) structure that provides a platform for the assembly of viral replication complexes. The main constituents of the MW are double-membrane vesicles (DMVs). Here, we found that the cellular protein Surf4, which maintains endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-Golgi intermediate compartments and the Golgi compartment, is recruited into HCV RNA replication complexes by NS4B and is involved in the formation of DMVs. Moreover, Surf4 participates in the replication of poliovirus, which uses DMVs as replication sites, but has no effect on the replication of dengue virus, which uses invaginated vesicles as replication sites. These results indicate that the cellular protein Surf4 is involved in the replication of positive-strand RNA viruses that use DMVs as RNA replication sites, providing new insights into DMV formation during virus replication and potential targets for the diagnosis and treatment of positive-strand RNA viruses.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.00858-19
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31645450
PubMed Central
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6955281

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